Bird Checklist; species so far: 144!

This list includes 534 species of birds that have occurred in Oregon, as of December 2014. Over the next year, I’ll mark the birds green that I’ve seen or heard. I’m using this list as a guide as I will also include birds I see in the surrounding Pacific Northwest. List source: John Rakestraw’s blog.
(I) = Introduced (E) = Extirpated
Species marked with an asterisk (*) are review species. Please report sightings to <hnehls6@comcast.net>

WHISTLING-DUCKS
* Black-bellied Whistling-Duck
* Fulvous Whistling-Duck
 
GEESE, SWANS, DUCKS
* Tundra Bean-Goose
Greater White-fronted Goose
Emperor Goose
Snow Goose
Ross’s Goose
Brant
Cackling Goose
Canada Goose
Trumpeter Swan
Tundra Swan
* Whooper Swan
Wood Duck
Gadwall
* Falcated Duck
Eurasian Wigeon
American Wigeon
* American Black Duck
Mallard
Blue-winged Teal
Cinnamon Teal
Northern Shoveler
Northern Pintail
* Garganey
* Baikal Teal
* Eurasian Teal
Green-winged Teal
Canvasback
Redhead
Ring-necked Duck
Tufted Duck
Greater Scaup
Lesser Scaup
* Steller’s Eider
* King Eider
* Common Eider
Harlequin Duck
Surf Scoter
White-winged Scoter
Black Scoter
Long-tailed Duck
Bufflehead
Common Goldeneye
Barrow’s Goldeneye
* Smew
Hooded Merganser
Common Merganser
Red-breasted Merganser
Ruddy Duck

GROUSE, TURKEY, QUAIL
Mountain Quail
California Quail
Northern Bobwhite (I) (E)
Chukar (I)
Gray Partridge (I)
Ring-necked Pheasant (I)
Ruffed Grouse
Greater Sage-Grouse
Spruce Grouse
Dusky Grouse
Sooty Grouse
* Sharp-tailed Grouse (E)
Wild Turkey (I)

HAWKS, KITES, EAGLES
Osprey
White-tailed Kite
Bald Eagle
Northern Harrier
Sharp-shinned Hawk
Cooper’s Hawk
Northern Goshawk
Red-shouldered Hawk
Broad-winged Hawk
Swainson’s Hawk
Red-tailed Hawk
Ferruginous Hawk
Rough-legged Hawk
Golden Eagle

RAILS, GALLINULES, CRANES
Yellow Rail
Virginia Rail
Sora
* Common Gallinule
American Coot
Sandhill Crane

SHOREBIRDS
Black-necked Stilt
American Avocet
Black Oystercatcher
Black-bellied Plover
American Golden-Plover
Pacific Golden-Plover
* Lesser Sand-Plover
Snowy Plover
* Wilson’s Plover
Semipalmated Plover
* Piping Plover
Killdeer
* Mountain Plover
* Eurasian Dotterel
Spotted Sandpiper
Solitary Sandpiper
Wandering Tattler
* Spotted Redshank
Greater Yellowlegs
Willet
Lesser Yellowlegs
* Wood Sandpiper
Upland Sandpiper
Whimbrel
* Bristle-thighed Curlew
Long-billed Curlew
* Hudsonian Godwit
* Bar-tailed Godwit
Marbled Godwit
Ruddy Turnstone
Black Turnstone
* Great Knot
Red Knot
Surfbird
Ruff
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
Stilt Sandpiper
* Curlew Sandpiper
* Long-toed Stint
* Red-necked Stint
Sanderling
Dunlin
Rock Sandpiper
Baird’s Sandpiper
* Little Stint
Least Sandpiper
*White-rumped Sandpiper
Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Pectoral Sandpiper
Semipalmated Sandpiper
Western Sandpiper
Short-billed Dowitcher
Long-billed Dowitcher
* Jack Snipe
Wilson’s Snipe
Wilson’s Phalarope
Red-necked Phalarope
Red Phalarope

NIGHTJARS
* Lesser Nighthawk
Common Nighthawk
Common Poorwill
* Eastern Whip-poor-will

SWIFTS
Black Swift
* Chimney Swift
Vaux’s Swift
White-throated Swift

HUMMINGBIRDS
* Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Black-chinned Hummingbird
Anna’s Hummingbird
Costa’s Hummingbird
Broad-tailed Hummingbird
Rufous Hummingbird
Allen’s Hummingbird
Calliope Hummingbird
* Broad-billed Hummingbird

KINGFISHERS
Belted Kingfisher

THRUSHES
* Northern Wheatear
Western Bluebird
Mountain Bluebird
Townsend’s Solitaire
Veery
* Gray-cheeked Thrush
Swainson’s Thrush
Hermit Thrush
* Wood Thrush
American Robin
Varied Thrush

THRASHERS
Gray Catbird
* Curve-billed Thrasher
* Brown Thrasher
* California Thrasher
Sage Thrasher
Northern Mockingbird

STARLINGS
European Starling (I)

WAGTAILS, PIPITS
* Eastern Yellow Wagtail
* White Wagtail
* Red-throated Pipit
American Pipit
* Sprague’s Pipit

WAXWINGS
Bohemian Waxwing
Cedar Waxwing

SILKY-FLYCATCHERS
* Phainopepla

LONGSPURS, SNOW BUNTINGS
Lapland Longspur
Chestnut-collared Longspur
* Smith’s Longspur
* McCown’s Longspur
Snow Bunting
* McKay’s Bunting

ALBATROSSES
* White-capped Albatross
* Wandering Albatross
Laysan Albatross
Black-footed Albatross
* Short-tailed Albatross
 
PETRELS, SHEARWATERS
Northern Fulmar
Murphy’s Petrel
Mottled Petrel
* Juan Fernandez Petrel
* Hawaiian Petrel
* Cook’s Petrel
* Streaked Shearwater
Pink-footed Shearwater
Flesh-footed Shearwater
* Great Shearwater
* Wedge-tailed Shearwater
Buller’s Shearwater
Sooty Shearwater
Short-tailed Shearwater
Manx Shearwater
* Black-vented Shearwater

SKUAS, JAEGERS
South Polar Skua
Pomarine Jaeger
Parasitic Jaeger
Long-tailed Jaeger

ALCIDS
Common Murre
* Thick-billed Murre
Pigeon Guillemot
* Long-billed Murrelet
Marbled Murrelet
Scripp’s Murrelet
* Guadalupe Murrelet
Ancient Murrelet
Cassin’s Auklet
Parakeet Auklet
Rhinoceros Auklet
Horned Puffin
Tufted Puffin

GULLS
Black-legged Kittiwake
* Red-legged Kittiwake
Sabine’s Gull
Bonaparte’s Gull
* Black-headed Gull
* Little Gull
* Ross’s Gull
* Laughing Gull
Franklin’s Gull
Heermann’s Gull
Mew Gull
Ring-billed Gull
Western Gull
California Gull
Herring Gull
Thayer’s Gull
* Iceland Gull
* Lesser Black-backed Gull
* Slaty-backed Gull
Glaucous-winged Gull
Glaucous Gull

WOODPECKERS
Lewis’s Woodpecker
* Red-headed Woodpecker
Acorn Woodpecker
* Red-bellied Woodpecker
Williamson’s Sapsucker
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Red-naped Sapsucker
Red-breasted Sapsucker
* Nuttall’s Woodpecker
Downy Woodpecker
Hairy Woodpecker
White-headed Woodpecker
Am. Three-toed Woodpecker
Black-backed Woodpecker
Northern Flicker
Pileated Woodpecker

FALCONS
* Crested Caracara
American Kestrel
Merlin
Gyrfalcon
Peregrine Falcon
Prairie Falcon

FLYCATCHERS
Olive-sided Flycatcher
Western Wood-Pewee
* Eastern Wood-Pewee
* Alder Flycatcher
Willow Flycatcher
Least Flycatcher
Hammond’s Flycatcher
Gray Flycatcher
Dusky Flycatcher
Pacific-slope Flycatcher
Cordilleran Flycatcher
Black Phoebe
* Eastern Phoebe
Say’s Phoebe
* Vermilion Flycatcher
* Dusky-capped Flycatcher
Ash-throated Flycatcher
Tropical Kingbird
* Cassin’s Kingbird
Western Kingbird
Eastern Kingbird
* Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
* Fork-tailed Flycatcher

WARBLERS
Ovenbird
* Worm-eating Warbler
* Louisiana Waterthrush
Northern Waterthrush
* Golden-winged Warbler
* Blue-winged Warbler
Black-and-White Warbler
* Prothonotary Warbler
Tennessee Warbler
Orange-crowned Warbler
* Lucy’s Warbler
Nashville Warbler
* Virginia’s Warbler
MacGillivray’s Warbler
* Mourning Warbler
* Kentucky Warbler
Common Yellowthroat
* Hooded Warbler
American Redstart
* Cape May Warbler
Northern Parula
* Magnolia Warbler
* Bay-breasted Warbler
* Blackburnian Warbler
Yellow Warbler
Chestnut-sided Warbler
Blackpoll Warbler
Black-throated Blue Warbler
Palm Warbler
* Pine Warbler
Yellow-rumped Warbler
* Yellow-throated Warbler
* Prairie Warbler
Black-throated Gray Warbler
Townsend’s Warbler
Hermit Warbler
* Black-throated Green Warbler
* Canada Warbler
Wilson’s Warbler
* Painted Redstart
Yellow-breasted Chat

SPARROWS
Green-tailed Towhee
Spotted Towhee
* Eastern Towhee
California Towhee
* Cassin’s Sparrow
American Tree Sparrow
Chipping Sparrow
Clay-colored Sparrow
Brewer’s Sparrow
* Black-chinned Sparrow
Vesper Sparrow
Lark Sparrow
Black-throated Sparrow
Sagebrush Sparrow
* Lark Bunting
Savannah Sparrow
Grasshopper Sparrow
* LeConte’s Sparrow
Fox Sparrow
Song Sparrow
Lincoln’s Sparrow
Swamp Sparrow
White-throated Sparrow
Harris’s Sparrow
White-crowned Sparrow
Golden-crowned Sparrow
Dark-eyed Junco
* Little Bunting
* Rustic Bunting

LOONS, GREBES
Red-throated Loon
* Arctic Loon
Pacific Loon
Common Loon
Yellow-billed Loon
Pied-billed Grebe
Horned Grebe
Red-necked Grebe
Eared Grebe
Western Grebe
Clark’s Grebe
 
STORM-PETRELS
* Wilson’s Storm-Petrel
Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel
* Ringed Storm Petrel
Leach’s Storm-Petrel
* Ashy Storm-Petrel
* Black Storm-Petrel

TROPICBIRDS
*Red-billed Tropicbird

FRIGATEBIRDS
* Magnificent Frigatebird

BOOBIES, CORMORANTS
* Masked Booby
* Blue-footed Booby
* Brown Booby
Brandt’s Cormorant
Double-crested Cormorant
Pelagic Cormorant

PELICANS
American White Pelican
Brown Pelican

HERONS
American Bittern
Least Bittern
Great Blue Heron
Great Egret
Snowy Egret
* Little Blue Heron
* Tricolored Heron
Cattle Egret
Green Heron
Black-crowned Night-Heron
* Yellow-crowned Night-Heron

IBISES
* White Ibis
* Glossy Ibis
White-faced Ibis

VULTURES
Turkey Vulture
* California Condor (E)

TERNS
* Least Tern
Caspian Tern
Black Tern
Common Tern
Arctic Tern
Forster’s Tern
Elegant Tern
* Black Skimmer

PIGEONS, DOVES
Rock Pigeon (I)
Band-tailed Pigeon
Eurasian Collared Dove
* Common Ground-Dove
White-winged Dove
Mourning Dove

CUCKOOS
* Yellow-billed Cuckoo
* Greater Roadrunner

OWLS
Barn Owl
Flammulated Owl
Western Screech-Owl
Great Horned Owl
Snowy Owl
* Northern Hawk Owl
Northern Pygmy-Owl
Burrowing Owl
Spotted Owl
Barred Owl
Great Gray Owl
Long-eared Owl
Short-eared Owl
Boreal Owl
Northern Saw-whet Owl

SHRIKES
Loggerhead Shrike
Northern Shrike

VIREOS
* White-eyed Vireo
* Bell’s Vireo
* Yellow-throated Vireo
* Plumbeous Vireo
Cassin’s Vireo
* Blue-headed Vireo
Hutton’s Vireo
Warbling Vireo
* Philadelphia Vireo
Red-eyed Vireo

CORVIDS
Gray Jay
Pinyon Jay
Steller’s Jay
Blue Jay
Western Scrub-Jay
Clark’s Nutcracker
Black-billed Magpie
American Crow
Common Raven

LARKS
Horned Lark

SWALLOWS
Purple Martin
Tree Swallow
Violet-green Swallow
Northern Rough-winged Swallow
Bank Swallow
Cliff Swallow
Barn Swallow

CHICKADEES, TITMICE
Black-capped Chickadee
Mountain Chickadee
Chestnut-backed Chickadee
Oak Titmouse
Juniper Titmouse

BUSHTITS
Bushtit

NUTHATCHES, CREEPER
Red-breasted Nuthatch
White-breasted Nuthatch
Pygmy Nuthatch
Brown Creeper

WRENS
Rock Wren
Canyon Wren
House Wren
Pacific Wren
* Sedge Wren
Marsh Wren
Bewick’s Wren

GNATCATCHERS
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

DIPPER
American Dipper

KINGLETS
Golden-crowned Kinglet
Ruby-crowned Kinglet

WRENTIT
Wrentit

GROSBEAKS, BUNTINGS
* Summer Tanager
* Scarlet Tanager
Western Tanager
* Pyrrhuloxia
Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Black-headed Grosbeak
* Blue Grosbeak
Lazuli Bunting
* Indigo Bunting
* Painted Bunting
* Dickcissel

BLACKBIRDS, ORIOLES
Bobolink
Red-winged Blackbird
Tricolored Blackbird
Western Meadowlark
Yellow-headed Blackbird
* Rusty Blackbird
Brewer’s Blackbird
* Common Grackle
Great-tailed Grackle
Brown-headed Cowbird
* Orchard Oriole
Hooded Oriole
* Streak-backed Oriole
Bullock’s Oriole
* Baltimore Oriole
* Scott’s Oriole

FINCHES
* Brambling
Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch
Black Rosy-Finch
Pine Grosbeak
House Finch
Purple Finch
Cassin’s Finch
Red Crossbill
White-winged Crossbill
Common Redpoll
* Hoary Redpoll
Pine Siskin
Lesser Goldfinch
* Lawrence’s Goldfinch
American Goldfinch
Evening Grosbeak

OLD WORLD SPARROWS
House Sparrow (I)

Stub Stewart State Park – First Trip

For my first documented birding trip, I stayed in a cozy cabin at Stub Stewart State Park, 34 miles west of Portland. This woodsy park made for a perfect birding opportunity. The forest is mainly comprised of tall, even-aged Douglas-fir with an under-brush of ferns and (seasonally) leafless vine-maples.

IMG_2735

I took several lovely walks in the mornings and evenings over three days. The temps were in the 40s and the sky was sprinkling on and off and the last day was pretty foggy. The best (most species) birding day was December 25th (Christmas day!). For simplicity’s sake (and because I’m still learning how to journal usefully) I’ll combine sightings.

Total: 14 Species

Grey Jay
Stellar’s Jay
American Crow
Hairy Woodpecker
Northern Flicker
Red-breasted Sapsucker
Dark-eyed Junco
Song Sparrow
Northern Pygmy Owl
Red-tailed Hawk (?)
Ruby-crowned Kinglet
Varied Thrush
Chestnut-backed Chickadee
Red-breasted Nuthatch
Mystery Bird
8+ seen
5+ seen
2+ heard
1 seen
3+ seen
3 seen
4+ seen
2 seen
1 seen
1 seen
1 seen
5+ seen
5+ seen
2 heard
1 seen

Jays & Crows (Family: Corvidae)

Grey Jay (Perisoreus canadensis) – Several near cabins and picnic tables. In groups, boldly approached cabin and camping gear scavenging for food. Saw one catch a few grubs early one morning.

Stellar’s Jay (Cyanocitta stelleri) – At least four seen along with various other birds (song sparrows, varied thrush, juncos) in the grass scavenging through leaves.

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) – Heard caws while hiking (pretty sure they were crows and not the deeper-voiced ravens)

Woodpeckers (Family: Picidae)

Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus) – Sighted pecking on narrow (Red alder?) tree trunks, surprisingly low to the ground (yay photo op!) Wasn’t sure if it was a Hairy or a Downy woodpecker since I know they are almost identical, but because of the longer bill (about the length of its head) I’m pretty confident it’s a Hairy Woodpecker. Downy woodpecker bills are shorter than the head. Believe it to be female since I didn’t see any red coloring on its head. Chirping and active, also accompanied by a few varied thrushes at that time.

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus) – At least three seen foraging in the grass and leaves on the ground near the cabins. Accompanied by sparrows, jays, juncos. Flew to nearby tree when people walked by.

Red-breasted Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus ruber) – Three seen, one very close to our cabin that remained pecking at a Douglas-fir tree for hours each day we were there. Another visible lower on a thin (red alder?) trunk hard at work creating (what I later learned at Audobon) “sap wells” that attract insects the bird will later come back and eat. I saw a third red-breasted sapsucker high up on a Douglas-fir tree on another hike.

Emberizine Sparrows (Family: Emberizidae)

Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis), subspecies Oregon Junco (Junco hyemalis oreganus) – Several visible foraging in the grass, and hopping near the parking lot area.

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia) – Foraging on the ground (in grass and leaves, ran across trail) near the cabin trails with juncos, Stellar’s jay, Northern flicker.

Owls (Family: Strigidae)

Northern Pygmy Owl (Glaucidium gnoma) – My favorite sighting! Who doesn’t love an angry owl? (the red-breasted sapsucker sighting came in a close second). Owls are fascinating and I felt lucky (and surprised) to spot one. It was perched atop a youngish Douglas-fir tree near a meadow seen on an early evening walk near sunset on Christmas day (what a great present!).

Diurnal Raptors (Family: Accipitridae)

Red-tailed hawk (?) (Buteo jamaicensis) – Seen high above perched on a tall Douglas-fir near the horse staging area at the park. Minutes later it flew across a meadow and perched on a scrawny, but still tall tree. Based on the streaked “belly-band” and pale breast color I’m moderately confident it was a red-tailed hawk. (I still have much to learn on raptor identification).

Kinglet (Family: Regulidae)

Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Regulus satrapa) – While I was kneeling on the ground taking pictures of the red-breasted sapsucker this little bird flew onto the bush right in front of me – what a treat! I’m pretty sure it’s a kinglet due to the olive color and uneven white eye-ring, though I was unable to see any red crown patch (could be female?).

Thrush (Family: Turdidae)

Varied thrush (Ixoreus naevius) – I saw many (at least five?) of these beautiful birds. To my inexperienced birder eyes, at first I thought they were orioles (Bullock’s oriole) due to the orange and black coloring, but after doing some quick research in Cornell Lab of Ornithology’s Merlin Bird ID app, I realized it was instead the varied thrush. They were at or near the forest floor (hopping from tree to tree), picking in the grass and sending out alarms when I walked by.

Chickadee (Family: Paridae)

Chestnut-backed Chickadees – Through my binoculars I gazed high in the Douglas-fir to see a flock of chestnut-backed chickadees and found these birds to be the chittery-chatty birds I heard throughout the woods (but had a hard time finding/identifying). Very quick and active.

Nuthatch (Family: Sittidae)

Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis) – While I never got a visual I certainly heard at least two occurrences of its song “eeeen eeeeen”…

Mystery Bird: This little brown bird (or should I call it a LBJ- Little Brown Job?) flashed by and I couldn’t get a good look at it. Possibly a wren of some sort? My best guess would be a winter wren (Troglodytes troglodytes, Family: Troglodytidae) based on the sort of short pale or indistinct “eye brow” and dark brown-ish belly. Also, the call to me sounded like “pip pip” but it could actually be what the guide books describe as a dry, low “chimp chimp” or “chat chat.” I didn’t get a good look at the tail to tell if it was in the (wren’s typical) raised vertical position. It’s possible it could be a bushtit, I think I heard some in the vicinity and the size fits, however the belly looks possibly too dark. And the “pip pip” call doesn’t match so I’m sticking with my original best guess of a wren.

IMG_2590

Nest – I happened to notice a nest near the trail, low in a shrub. I wonder what little bird (s) made it!

IMG_2766

Other woodland creatures I saw:

 

 

What did I learn from my first birding post?

  • It took a long time to write out the family/species/sightings. In future posts, I may list the species seen/heard, and only include a few unique or noteworthy sightings.
  • I found the mystery bird sighting almost as fun as the obvious ones; I enjoy the puzzle-factor. 🙂
  • I might make a “chirp confidence rating meter” – a visual to describe how confident I am with my sightings. 5 chirps is a positive ID, 1 chirp, not so much.
  • I’ll like to create a “check-list post” of Oregon’s Birds to keep track of sightings.
  • I have a Latin for Bird Lovers book that I’ll use to include a bit about the origin of the bird’s names.
  • I’m excited for my next trip!

Tweets and chirps,

Audrey

Greetings!

Hi! My name is Audrey. I’m 34 years old, I live in Portland, Oregon, and I am a new birder.

I have a passion for nature, learning, and anything outdoors. I’ve decided to spend a year learning more about my feathered friends. Why pick birds? Simple, they’re everywhere,  they’re entertaining, and they have a raw beauty; sometimes cute, sometimes aggressive, but always natural and real. It’ll give me an enjoyable focus on my hikes and more reason to go outside (especially in the winter). It’s not always easy to identify or find birds; it will be fun discovering new (to me) species and understanding more about bird behavior.

What I hope to get out of birding:

  1. Nature: Not that I need much forcing, but birding will be a good motivator to go out into nature regularly. I hope to spend one day a week checking out a new location.
  2. Awareness: Birding slows me down, which is a good thing! While hiking, I think it’s good practice to stop, listen, and observe my surroundings. I might notice something that I would otherwise miss.
  3. Education: I’m excited to learn about, witness, and observe new species. I’m reading several guide books and trying out new (to me) identification apps.
  4. Patience and the art of letting go: I’ve already noticed challenges; a bird will whiz by or I’ll hear unidentifiable (to me) song notes and my temptation is to tromp off into the wilderness and chase after the little mystery. But instead of going down the rabbit hole, my aim is to follow the Code of Birding Ethics from the American Birding Association.
  5. Pictures! I love taking nature photos (not just of birds!), and hope to upgrade my camera soon.

I’ve taken an Ornithology class many years ago, and have done some casual birding along the way, but I’d like to give it a go for a year and document my findings. I’m a member of the Audobon Society of Portland and have also signed up for a beginner’s birding class in February. I’m an opportunistic birder, I don’t have any solid plans outside of the state thus far, but I’ll mostly focus my efforts on the (gloriously bird-rich) state of Oregon.

With hundreds of species of birds to find, and spring on the horizon, I’m excited to get started!

Tweets and chirps,

Audrey